The essential role of Digestive Enzymes in absorption of food
The food that people eat needs to be broken down in order that the nutrients enter the bloodstream and are distributed within the body organs. Enzymes are special catalyst present in the human digestive system that speeds up the process of food digestion and absorption of nutrients within the body. Enzymes are type of protein and integral part of the digestion system, as they reduce the amount of time which would otherwise be used in breaking all the different food components a person eats. Enzymes are very much necessary to maintain a proper health and deficiency of certain digestive enzymes can lead to various health problems such as heartburn, diarrhea and even high blood pressure and Crohn’s disease. A person may take supplements to remove the enzyme deficiency in the body.
The role of digestive enzymes:
People eat wide variety of food products such as fruits, vegetables, meat and dairy products to maintain a balanced diet but our digestive system does not absorb the food directly until it is broken down in nutrients. Digestive enzymes helps to breakdown the proteins into amino acids, carbohydrates like starch into sugar, and fats into fatty acids and glycerol. The water, vitamins and minerals are needed in small quantities and do not require to be broken down. The digestive enzymes are found in the small intestines and pancreas and they speed up the process of breaking larger molecules of food so that they are easily absorbed in the blood. When a person is eating properly but not getting enough nutrition it means there some deficiency of digestive enzymes. Studies have revealed that growing ailments maybe an indication of enzyme imbalance in the human body.
Classification of Digestive enzymes:
People consume numerous food products and each food has different composition, there are digestive enzymes that act on particular type of food, some common digestive enzymes include
- Amylases breakdown carbohydrate into glucose
- Proteases convert proteins into amino-acids
- Lipases breakdown fats into fatty acids and glycerol
Reasons for improper functioning of digestive enzymes:
The production and efficiency of digestive enzymes may decrease which may make it difficult for food to be digested properly and lead to lack of nutrients. The function of digestive enzymes may also be hindered due to any illness that may affect the digestive system. Pancreatic problems, stress, soreness in the digestive tract and aging may be cause of less enzyme production and effectiveness. A person may have to rely on certain supplements to increase the function of digestive enzyme and prevent any other diseases to develop.
Use of supplements for enzyme deficiency:
If food is not properly broken down properly the body will not get the required nutrients which can lead in various diseases such as acid reflux, constipation, irritable bowel syndrome and Crohn’s disease. The symptoms that may indicate problems with function of digestive enzymes include bloating, stomach pains due to undigested food and feeling full after eating only few bites of food. Digestive enzyme supplements can be consumed to remove the enzyme deficiency, speed up the digestion process and prevent any illness. The supplements will help nutrients get absorb faster and provide with necessary energy.