The growing significance and benefits of Biofeedback Therapy
The human brain is the most significant and vital organ among all the other organs present in the human body. The brain is a complex network of millions of neurons that process and control all the activities from coordinating physical movements to internal physiological conditions. The anatomy of brain is divided in three parts cerebellum, cerebrum and brainstem which forms the nervous system and each perform special functions that enable a human to carry out and perform various tasks efficiently. The brain is always active, sending and receiving signal from all parts of the body whether a person is eating, moving, sitting and even sleeping. The brain gives ability to a person to feel things, think and make appropriate decisions. When a person takes a single bite of food, his brain is programmed such that he can instantly determine whether the taste is sweet or sour. Similarly when a finger on the hand is bruised it is the brain that alerts the person of the pain and discomfort, and brain also tells a person what type of treatment would be needed.
As human body is connected to entire body and control every action. There are numerous studies and researches that have been done and also going on to learn the complex workings of the brain. The studies can help doctors to understand the effect of brain in times of illness. Biofeedback therapy is one of the modern technique to treat pain and stress related issues in people and patients. The word ‘bio’ means ‘body’ and ‘feedback’ means information that is shown or given to people immediately. There are various electronic equipment which are used that determines various physiological conditions such as brain signals, muscle activity and heart rate. There are two types of actions occurring in human body, voluntary and involuntary action. Voluntary actions are like lifting your hand or moving your legs, actions where a person has a control over them. Involuntary actions are internal bodily actions or process that a person has no control like heart rate, breathing rate and blood pressure. Biofeedback is a method in which a specialist doctor or therapist study the brain activity and suggest ways through which a person may be better able to cope and control his physiological conditions.
How Biofeedback Therapy works:
Biofeedback therapy involves used of various instruments and monitoring devices that read brain waves and used them as a feedback which is shared by the patient. The sensors are attached on the fingers and electrodes are placed on the scalp of the person. A monitor is attached which relays the brain activity in real time. The brain signals and responses are displayed on the monitor in form of an image, sound or video. When a person is under stress or experiences pain, the muscles tighten and heart rate changes. The feedback of signals allow a person to self-regulate brain functions. The biofeedback information is based on the thinking and emotional responses of a person during any change of stimuli and pain. The therapist notes down the responses of the human and help a person to self-regulate through various exercises which includes mindful meditation, deep breathing and muscle relaxation. Biofeedback is used to treat numerous health concerns such as migraines, headaches, high blood pressure, constipation, epilepsy and chronic pains. Biofeedback is growing popularity and mostly among patients who don’t want to rely on pain relieving medicines and drugs to ease their ailment.